About Joan Miró

Joan Miró photo
Joan Miró

Born in 1893 in Barcelona, Spain into a family of artisans and goldsmiths. Studied art at the Academy of La Llotja in Barcelona and had his first solo at The Dalmau Gallery with a collection of still lifes, nudes, and landscapes inspired by the Fauves and Cubism with strong references to Catalan idiosyncrasies, peasant landscapes and characters from his childhood at the parents farm in Montroig will mark profoundly the essence of the work specially in this period of his life. Like many fellow artists of the time moved to Paris in 1919 where he became friends with André Breton, forming a relation that lasted long in his career. Like Picasso the artist will make a central point of his life to surround himself by poets, and in fact being acknowledged as painter-poet. Participated in the first Surrealist exhibit in 1925, and brought his own vision increasingly biomorphic, enigmatic, and profoundly innovative into the pure psychic automatism promoted by his peers.

Miró was a pioneer, inventing a new kind of relational, pictorial space in which figures and their environments were strangely, even unrealistically depicted. This practice of nonobjective painting greatly influenced the Abstract Expressionists. Due to his desire for control, Miró balanced spontaneity with meticulous planning, resulting in dream-inspired compositions that were nevertheless carefully executed. Miró's obsessive work ethic and long career led him to experiment in many creative media, including painting, graphics, ceramics, public sculpture, tapestry, and even theater. He died in Palma de Mallorca in 1983.